Top 10 Countries for Startups to Hire Engineers

Untitled 1 2

Today, the hunt for top-notch software engineering talent has transcended borders, pushing startups to scout for the best minds across the globe. As technological advancements continue to drive business growth, the demand for skilled engineers has soared, making the competitive U.S. job market both expensive and saturated. This has led many CTOs and startup founders to look beyond the familiar confines of the United States to build or expand their development teams.

This shift is not just about cost savings; it’s about tapping into diverse talent pools, fostering innovation, and gaining a competitive edge. From the vibrant tech hubs of Latin America to the advanced technological precincts of Eastern Europe, we’ve compiled a list of the top ten countries that are becoming go-to destinations for hiring offshore developers. By the end of this guide, startup CEOs and CTOs will be better equipped with the knowledge needed to navigate the complexities of international hiring and integrate these global talents into their teams effectively.

Table of Content

Why Hire Software Engineers Outside the US?

The decision to hire software engineers outside the United States is driven by several compelling reasons that extend beyond the simple economics of lower wages. This strategic move can yield a multitude of benefits for startups and established businesses alike, paving the way for innovative product development through diverse and dynamic approaches.

  • Access to a Larger Talent Pool. The US tech industry is highly competitive, making it challenging for startups, especially those with limited resources, to attract and retain top-tier talent. By looking overseas, companies can access a much broader pool of skilled engineers, often with unique capabilities and specializations that are less prevalent in the US market.
  • Cost Efficiency. While labor costs should not be the only factor when considering offshore hiring, it is undoubtedly significant. Salaries in other countries can be considerably lower than in the US, allowing startups to manage their burn rate more effectively while scaling up their operations. This cost difference also enables companies to hire more developers for the same budget, potentially accelerating development timelines.
  • Round-the-clock Productivity. Hiring teams across different time zones and embracing remote work can facilitate around-the-clock work cycles, enabling faster project completion rates. This is particularly advantageous for startups that need to move quickly and extend their development hours beyond the typical 9-to-5.
  • Cultural Diversity and Innovation. Bringing together people from different cultural backgrounds can inject new perspectives and ideas into projects, fostering creativity and innovation. Diverse teams are often more adept at problem-solving and can approach challenges from various angles, leading to more robust and creative software solutions.
  • Ease of Integration. Advances in communication technology and project management tools have streamlined the process of integrating offshore teams. Virtual collaboration platforms, cloud computing, and agile methodologies have made it easier than ever for teams distributed across the globe to work effectively and in sync, despite physical distances.
  • Strategic Expansion Opportunities. Establishing a team in another country can also serve as a strategic foothold, providing insights into local markets and facilitating easier expansion into new regions. This can be particularly advantageous for startups looking to globalize their product offerings early in their growth phase.

Top Countries for Startups to Hire Engineers for Software Development

We suggest considering these countries when you are seeking elite software engineers.

Best Countries to Hire Tech Talent in Latin America 1


Mexico’s burgeoning tech scene, particularly in cities like Guadalajara and Mexico City, is thriving due to strong government support for technology and innovation. The country offers a large pool of engineers who are fluent in English and culturally aligned with the US market. Mexico’s proximity to the US also facilitates seamless integration and coordination. Notably, Mexico has become a hotspot for tech giants and startups alike, seeking to leverage its competitive cost structures and highly skilled talent.


Known for its robust IT education system, Colombia has seen rapid growth in its tech sector, particularly in Medellín, Bogotá, and Cali. These cities have become significant tech hubs, attracting foreign investment and fostering a startup-friendly ecosystem. Colombian engineers are well-versed in modern software development practices and are known for their strong problem-solving skills, making them valuable assets for international projects.


As the largest economy in Latin America, Brazil boasts a mature tech ecosystem, with São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro leading as major tech centers. The country produces a significant number of STEM graduates annually, equipped with cutting-edge skills in software development and engineering. Brazilian startups and tech companies have gained global recognition, and the local talent is known for its creativity and innovation.

Costa Rica

Costa Rica has made significant investments in education, particularly in engineering and technology, which has paid dividends in creating a highly skilled workforce. The country is recognized for its political stability and high quality of life, which are attractive to foreign businesses. Costa Rica’s strategic location and emphasis on bilingual education have also made it an attractive site for North American companies looking to nearshore their development operations.


Uruguay stands out in South America for its high levels of software exports per capita and a government that strongly supports tech and innovation. Montevideo, in particular, has become a focal point for tech development, with a highly educated, tech-savvy workforce. The country’s stable economy and forward-thinking policies on internet freedom and digital governance make it an ideal environment for tech companies.

Best Countries to Hire Tech Talent in Eastern Europe 1


Poland offers a significant advantage with its large number of engineering graduates who possess strong technical education, particularly in the essential field like software development. Cities like Warsaw, Krakow, and Wroclaw have become vibrant tech hubs that host both startups and major international tech firms. Polish engineers are renowned for their technical proficiency and are integral to many European tech operations.


Romania, particularly in cities like Bucharest and Cluj-Napoca, has developed a reputation as a premier tech outsourcing destination. The country benefits from a high number of IT specialists per capita and strong technical universities that contribute to a skilled workforce. Romanian developers are known for their expertise in high-demand technologies and their ability to engage in complex software projects.


Bulgaria has become known for its competitive tech industry, characterized by a high literacy rate and strong English skills among professionals. Sofia, the capital, is at the heart of Bulgaria’s tech boom, with a concentration of tech parks and startups. The country offers attractive costs for operations and a strategic location for serving European markets.

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic, especially Prague, has a well-established tech infrastructure and a highly skilled tech workforce. The country’s education system emphasizes mathematics and science, producing a large pool of engineering talent each year. Czech tech professionals are known for their high level of expertise and are crucial in driving innovation in both local and international tech ventures.


Renowned for being the birthplace of Skype, Estonia is a pioneer in digital technology and e-governance. It has one of the most advanced digital infrastructures in the world and a highly innovative tech community. The Estonian government’s support for technology and startups, coupled with a tech-savvy population, makes it an excellent location for hiring disciplined and innovative engineers.

Hire tech talent from Latin America and Eastern Europe with TurnKey

What Do CTOs Need to Be Ready When Hiring Offshore Engineering Talent?

Hiring offshore developers offers many advantages, but it also requires careful planning and preparation. CTOs must consider several critical factors to ensure a smooth and successful integration of offshore teams into their projects. Here’s what CTOs need to be ready for when embarking on the journey of hiring offshore developers:

  • Cultural and Communication Barriers. Understanding and respecting cultural differences is crucial when working with an international engineering team. CTOs should implement training sessions to foster mutual understanding and respect among team members. Effective communication practices, such as regular video calls and clear, concise documentation, are essential to bridge any communication gaps and ensure that everyone is on the same page.
  • Time Zone Differences. Managing engineering hires across multiple time zones can be challenging. CTOs need to establish flexible work hours to allow for overlapping periods that enable real-time collaboration. Using project management tools that track progress and deadlines in real time can also help manage time zone challenges effectively.
  • Legal and Compliance Issues. Different countries have different laws regarding employment, data security, and intellectual property. CTOs must ensure that their company complies with these laws to avoid any legal issues. This might involve working with local legal experts or EOR providers like TurnKey Staffing to navigate employment laws and secure intellectual property rights.
  • Quality Control. Maintaining high standards of quality is essential when managing offshore teams. CTOs should set clear, measurable standards for code quality and project milestones. Regular code reviews, continuous integration, and deployment practices should be implemented to maintain quality throughout the development process.
  • Security Risks. Security is a critical concern when working with offshore teams, especially when sensitive data is involved. CTOs need to enforce strict security protocols, use encrypted communication tools, and ensure that all team members are trained on security best practices. Regular security audits can help identify and mitigate risks promptly.
  • Infrastructure and Tools. Providing the right tools and infrastructure is crucial for the productivity of offshore teams. This includes access to robust communication platforms, project management software, and development environments. CTOs should ensure that all team members have access to the same tools and technologies to avoid any discrepancies in the development process.
  • Integration and Onboarding. Successfully integrating offshore developers into existing teams requires a structured onboarding process. This includes training on project-specific requirements, company culture, and operational procedures. A mentorship program can also be beneficial, pairing new offshore hires with experienced team members to facilitate knowledge transfer and faster integration.
  • Performance Management and FeedbackEstablishing a transparent performance management system is essential to keep offshore teams motivated and engaged. Regular feedback, both positive and constructive, helps developers understand their performance and areas for improvement. Setting up regular check-ins and review meetings can help maintain alignment and address any issues promptly.

By addressing these key areas, CTOs can better prepare their organizations to take full advantage of the benefits that global hiring can bring. This preparation not only ensures operational efficiency but also supports building a cohesive and productive global team.

Hire an Offshore Engineering Team with TurnKey

When hiring offshore, your personal network might not be enough. However, you can always cooperate with TurnKey, the top offshore staffing company. We do custom hiring for every client, searching for potential candidates who will be a 100% match for your request instead of just taking someone available from the bench. We also help you retain developers (our retention program prolongs developers’ tenure up to 3 years) and provide you with EOR services, so you don’t need to worry about legal, payroll, and other administrative things.

Moreover, we have a lot of experience hiring for startups: for example, check our case with diib, a venture-capital-backed startup that automates SEO.

Screenshot 2024 04 23 153306

Summing Up

As startups continue to navigate the competitive landscape of the tech industry, hiring offshore software engineers offers a strategic advantage that goes beyond cost savings. By tapping into international talent pools of great engineers, startups can access diverse skill sets, enhance creativity, and drive innovation in ways that might not be possible domestically. The countries listed in this article — Mexico, Colombia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Uruguay, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, and Estonia —represent some of the top destinations for sourcing good engineers, each providing unique benefits that can help propel a startup’s growth.

For CTOs and startup leaders, the decision to hire offshore involves more than just recruiting talent. It requires a thoughtful approach to integration, taking into account cultural differences, communication barriers, and logistical challenges. However, with the right preparation and strategies in place, the rewards of building an effective, multicultural team are significant. Not only can it lead to cost efficiencies and continuous productivity, but it also fosters a global perspective within the company, crucial for any business aiming to make a mark on the international stage.

In conclusion, while the process may be complex, the potential benefits of offshoring for engineering roles make it a worthwhile venture. Startups that are prepared to invest in and nurture a global workforce will find themselves well-equipped to thrive in an increasingly interconnected and technologically advanced business environment.


What are the primary challenges of managing offshore development teams and how can they be overcome?

The primary challenges include dealing with time zone differences, cultural and communication barriers, and maintaining quality standards. Overcoming these challenges involves setting clear communication protocols, using tools that enhance collaboration across time zones, fostering an inclusive culture that respects diversity, and implementing rigorous quality assurance processes. Regular training and team-building activities can also help align offshore teams with company values and expectations.

How can startups ensure intellectual property (IP) protection when working with offshore teams?

Protecting IP when working with offshore teams requires clear contractual agreements that specify IP rights and confidentiality obligations. Startups should work with legal professionals to draft contracts that comply with the IP laws of the team's home country. Additionally, implementing secure IT infrastructure and conducting regular security trainings can minimize risks of IP theft or data breaches.

What factors should startups consider when choosing a country to hire offshore developers from?

Startups should consider factors such as the local education system's quality, proficiency in English or the language of business, cultural compatibility, economic stability, legal framework concerning employment and IP rights, and the existing technology infrastructure. It's also crucial to assess the political stability of the country and its time zone in relation to the startup's home base to facilitate smoother operations.

April 23, 2024

TurnKey Staffing provides information for general guidance only and does not offer legal, tax, or accounting advice. We encourage you to consult with professional advisors before making any decision or taking any action that may affect your business or legal rights.

Tailor made solutions built around your needs

Get handpicked, hyper talented developers that are always a perfect fit.

Let’s talk

Please rate this article to help our team improve our content.

This website uses cookies for analytics, personalization, and advertising. By clicking ‘Accept’, you consent to our use of cookies as described in the cookies clause (Art. 5) of our Privacy Policy. You can manage your cookie preferences or withdraw your consent at any time. To learn more, please visit our Privacy Policy.